Hamlet – Act 1, scene 1

I believe the mood in act 1 scene 1 in William Shakespeare’s Hamlet is quite “dark” and spooky. The reason I believe the mood in act 1 scene 1 is quite “dark” and spooky is because Francisco says “Give you good night” several times. This indicates that the act is happening during the night. In the act, the characters also have to identify themselves. This indicates that the room is dark, and maybe they do not want any unwelcome to hear what they are discussing.

I believe Shakespeare established the mood by Bernardo continuously asking who`s there. This pinpoints that the room is dark, and that Bernardo can not see who is there. He may also be afraid that someone who is not supposed to be there, or listening are present in the room.

I believe Bernardo challenges Francisco because the room is dark and he can not clearly see who is approaching him or is present in the room.

Words and phrases Shakespeare used in the scene to “set the mood” was for example “Tis bitter cold. And I am sick at heart.” This expresses that there is something lurking, and Francisco is not quite comfortable with the situation. Bernardo also says “Tis now struck twelve” which is and indication that it is either midday or midnight, however since Bernardo started the act by asking who`s there we recon it is midnight.


My name is Magnus. I am 17 years old, soon to be 18, and go to Fagerlia VGS. I also very much enjoy music and movies.

I chose english literature and culture because, I want to improve my english skills and at the same time learn about english culture. I hope to learn a lot about the english culture in this class.

My favourite book, and film, is lone survivour because, It catches the unique camaraderie of a joint military unit. I also like the movie because it contais lots and lots of action. I believe the reason I liked this book and movie is because in just over a year I am going to a compulsory military service in the Norwegian Army myself and might end up taking an education within the army.

Gran Torino

Some of the challenges and pressures Sue and Thao has to deal with as second-generation immigrants is the difference in culture their parents are practicing, compared to the culture the society is practicing. These cultures may be very different and could cause some challenges to Sue and Thao, as second-generation immigrants. The parents also often put intense pressure on their kids to succeed in school. Their parents may also only know fragmentary English while their children quickly become fluent, forcing the children to take on grown-up responsibilities when the parents need to interact with the world outside the family.


The depictions of Hmong people in the movie Gran Torino are closely aligned with stereotypical representations of Asian Americans.  Sue and Thao Lor, part of the family that live next door to Kowalski and most of the members of the Hmong characters in the film, are depicted as people who are unable to care for and protect themselves and thus desperately need Kowalski’s intervention.

South Africa


The Republic of South Africa is one of the 54 states of the African continent. Africa is the world’s second-largest and second most-populous continent after Asia. South Africa is located at the southern tip of Africa and is the 25th-largest country in the world. South Africa has eleven official languages. According to the 2001 National Census, the three most-widely spoken first languages are Zulu, Xhosa and Afrikaans. Though English has a large role in public and commercial life, it is nevertheless only the fifth most-widely spoken language. It was greatly accepted when the British colony was created to replace the Dutch colonization in the 18-hundreds. British colonists first introduced English to the South African region in 1795, when they established a military holding operation at the Cape Colony. The first major influx of English speakers arrived in 1820. About 5000 British settlers, mostly rural or working class, settled in the eastern Cape. Several South African English varieties have emerged, accompanied by varying levels of perceived social prestige. The most widespread varieties of English in South Africa is White South African English, Black South African English and Indian South English.


Long Walk to Freedom

Long walk to freedom is a  autobiography about Nelson Mandela, written by Nelson Mandela. The self biography tells the story of Mandela’s life, from his upbringing on the countryside in Mvezo to his presidential candidacy from 1994 to 1999. The book also describes his 27 years in prison and fight against l’apartheid and racial discrimination. I believe the message of the book is the path to peaceful transition “From arms to education” and he is well known for his quote “Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.”. Since this is an autobiography, the author is Nelson Mandela himself. He was as said born in the countryside in Mvezo in 1918. He was the first black president in South Africa. Nelson mandela got the Nobel Peace Prize alongside Willem Klerk in 1993 for his work for the peaceful termination of the apartheid regime, and for laying the foundations for a new democratic South Africa. He died in december 2013 at age 95.


South Africa part of collateral damage from US-China trade war

South Africa may be almost 12 000 kilometers from Beijing and even further away from Washington DC, but is still affected by the US-China trade war.

Flaring US-China tensions over trade came to a head this month, when talks between the two superpowers fell apart. US President Donald Trump has since raised tariffs on Chinese goods and put restrictions on for example telecommunications giant Huawei, with a solution to the impasse seemingly far off. These tariffs will not only frame The US and China. These will affect the whole world economy, including South Africa. Since the two superpowers are the two largest economies, this was not to be avoided, however there is hope for a solution in the near future.


The Kite Runner – Film vs Book

In this text I will compare the book The kite runner with the film. The kite runner was written by Khaled Hosseini and was published in 2003.

I preferred the book over the film because, when watching the film I noticed that the differences between the film and book were quite big. For instance, the book contains a richer content compared to the film. In addition to that, each situation has a greater degree of detailed depictions than in the movie. The film excludes several events and chapters from the book. I also recognized several quotes from the book, which were just as they were written in the book. It was interesting to recognize situations and sayings from the book.

The book contains a lot of details that the film has not included. I believe that the book almost contains too many descriptions compared to the book. The reason being, that all of the descriptions may cause you to get a bit lost in the book. The message in the story can sort of drown in all the pages filled with description. The movie is entertaining, and you get the powerful message without all the “unnecessary” situation portrayals.

On of the biggest differences ,and most important, happenings in the book was Sohrab’s suicide attempt. We thought is was weird that the film did not include this scene given that it was such an important one. This is just one

To sum up, the book and the film were very different. In general we would say that the book was a lot more detailed than the book and contained a lot more detailed descriptions than the film. I thought the film was very general compared to the film and was not nearly as good as the book.

The kite runner – Characters

Amir is the main protagonist in the book. He seems like he is a genuine jealous kid. This shows in the way he stopped reading Hassan puzzles when he found out he was better at solving them than Amir. Amir also adores his wealthy father, Baba. You can easily see that Amir becomes jealous when Baba treats Hassan, which is their servant’s son, the same way as he treats Amir, or gives him a compliment. Baba is a wealthy business man and the father of Amir. Baba seems like a modern man who isn’t too religious, because he says the only sin is to steal. He also believes it is ok to drink, eat pork and what not. Baba also seems a bit unsympathetic, the way he poorly accepts Amir`s poetry and writing “addictions”.

Hassan seems like a genuine good and selfless child. This is shown in the way he stood up for Amir when they were harassed by Assef the first time. At one time he also took the blame for something he did not do, to not make Amir and Baba`s relationship even more strained. Hassan is the son of Ali, Baba`s servant and “half-brother”. Ali is Baba`s servant and “half-brother” since baba`s father took him in as a kid, when Ali`s parents died. Ali grew up alongside Baba just as Hassan grew up alongside Amir.

Rahim khan is a Baba`s friend and business partner. He seems like he understands Amir, a lot more than Baba does. I got the impression of him being nice since he read and gave nice feedback on Amir`s short stories and poetries.

Jamal Khashoggi

Jamal Khashoggi was a Saudi dissident journalist who was reporting for the Washington Post. He was also a former general manager, and editor in chief, for the Al-Arab News channel. Jamal Khashoggi was believed assassinated in the Saudi consulate in Istanbul on the October 2. 2018. He was last seen entering the consulate and was never seen again. Even though the Saudi government said he left out the back door, which was guarded by security cameras that “don’t store footage” – Saudi consulate Istanbul. It may never be clear what really happened to Mr. Khashoggi, but I do not think his visit to the Saudi consulate and his disappearing was a coincidence. Maybe “He`s just hanging out in Malaysia with Tupac” – Trevor Noah (Daily Show with Trevor Noah, Host).

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